1 Heart failure population data for 2018 has been sourced from Conrad et al. (2018). Hospital admissions, cost and comorbidities data has been sourced from Hospital Episode Statistics (2019/20) and the National Tariff Payment System (2019/20). Mortality data has been sourced from the NHS Digital CCG OutcomeIndicator Set (March 2020). Full reference details are available in the methodology.
2 NICE. Chronic heart failure in adults: diagnosis and management. September 2018. Available online at: https://www.nice.org.uk/guidance/ng106
3 Clark A. L. and Brown R. (2013) Reducing the cost of heart failure while improving quality of life. Br J Cardiol 2013; 20 (2): 45 6.
4 APPG on Heart Disease. Focus on Heart Failure: 10 Recommendations to Improve Care and Transform Lives.
5 NICE. Acute Heart Failure: Diagnosis and Management. October 2014. Availableonline at: https://www.nice.org.uk/guidance/cg187/resources/acute-heart-failurediagnosis- and-management-pdf-35109817738693
6 BMJ (2016) Use of hospital services by age and comorbidity after an index heart failure admission in England: an observational study. Available online at: https://bmjopen.bmj.com/content/bmjopen/6/6/e010669.full.pdf